A lot of people have kidney diseases because of various factors such as lifestyle, diet and it can also be acquired through genetics. All people should be aware of these kidney diseases and take real good care of their own kidney because it is an organ which helps or is responsible in cleaning the blood inside the body to keep people alive. Here are some of the common kidney diseases that people acquire nowadays.
Chronic Kidney disease or CKD is a kidney condition in which its severity gets worse as time goes by. At first, a person who has Chronic Kidney Disease might not feel or see anything or in other words no symptoms. The loss of function of the kidney due to Chronic Kidney Disease will be experienced from months to years of having this disease. The severity of this disease gets worse in a very slow pace and they will just suddenly appear until the Kidney is only functioning 1/10 of it. The last stage of the Chronic Kidney Disease is the End-Stage Renal disease or also known as the ESRD. When a person’s kidney condition is at this stage, the whole part of the kidneys are not anymore functioning thus, they do not remove excess fluids and wastes from the body anymore which is a very crucial situation of a person because this is a very life-threatening disease. In this case, a person is now required to have a dialysis or transplantation of the kidney which are both very expensive and can alter the normal functions of the body.
Chronic Kidney Disease
The 2 most common causes of the ESRD and the CKD are high blood pressure or hypertension and Diabetes. Most people who suffer from CKD and ESRD are due to these diseases and there are also other causes such as:
- Kidney defects during birth such as the polycystic kidney disease
- Autoimmune disorders such as scleroderma & the systematic lupus erythematosus.
- Kidney trauma or injury
- Kidney infections
- Kidney Stones
- Medications or Drugs
- Problems on the arteries leading to the kidney and more
Another common kidney disease is the acute renal failure or also called as the acute kidney failure. This kidney disease was also called as acute renal insufficiency. The ARF is medically described as a rapid loss of the function of the kidneys over time. It is associated with Oliguria which means the decrease in the production of urine which is quantified as lower than 400 mL daily in adults and lower than 0.5 mL/kg/h in kids or children. There is also an imbalance in the amount of fluid and electrolytes in the body of those who have acute renal failure. There are several factors which can cause ARF and they are generally categorized as intrinsic, prerenal and postrenal. To stop this disease, the cause should be known and treated. Dialysis may be recommended when treating the cause of Acute Renal Failure.
These are some of the common kidney diseases and as you can see, they will really ruin not just your kidneys but also the whole part of your body because the kidneys play a vital role in the body of a human. Kidney diseases will not just cause alteration of your body’s normal function but a lot of people have died due to these conditions.
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